What is the Need of a Conveyancing Solicitor?

by | May 12, 2023 | blog

Buying or selling property is a significant undertaking that involves numerous legal complexities and potential risks. To navigate through the intricacies of property transactions, the expertise of a conveyancing solicitor becomes indispensable. A conveyancing solicitor is a legal professional specializing in property law, who plays a crucial role in ensuring a smooth and legally sound transfer of property ownership. 

In this article, we delve into the essential reasons why engaging a conveyancing solicitor is vital for anyone involved in a property transaction. We will explore the various responsibilities and expertise they bring to the table, ultimately protecting your interests and providing invaluable peace of mind throughout the process.

UK Conveyancing Process

The conveyancing process in the UK involves the legal transfer of property ownership from the seller to the buyer. It is governed by the Conveyancing and Law of Property Act 1881. Here is an overview of the typical steps involved:

  • Engaging a conveyancing solicitor: The buyer and seller each engage their own local conveyancing solicitors who will handle the legal aspects of the transaction. 
  • Offer acceptance and instruction: Once the buyer’s offer is accepted by the seller, the buyer instructs their conveyancing solicitor to begin the process. The solicitor will obtain the necessary information and documentation from the seller’s solicitor. 
  • Property searches and due diligence: The buyer’s solicitor conducts various searches and investigations to assess any potential issues with the property. These searches typically include local authority searches, environmental searches, water authority searches, and others as deemed necessary. The solicitor reviews the property’s title deeds, lease agreements (if applicable), and other relevant documents. Cheap conveyancing solicitors are not always bad. However, you should check the reputation of the conveyancer before selecting them for conducting property searchers. 
  • Reviewing the contract and supporting documents: The buyer’s solicitor carefully examines the draft contract, including the terms and conditions, and raises any necessary queries or concerns. They also review the property information forms completed by the seller, which provide details about the property’s boundaries, fixtures, and fittings. 
  • Mortgage and finance arrangements: If the buyer requires a mortgage, they will work with their lender to secure a mortgage offer. The buyer’s solicitor coordinates with the lender to ensure all necessary documentation and financial arrangements are in place. 
  • Negotiating contract terms: The buyer’s solicitor negotiates with the seller’s solicitor to agree on the final contract terms, including the purchase price, fixtures and fittings, and any special conditions. 
  • Preparing the final contract: Once the contract terms are agreed upon, the buyer’s solicitor prepares the final contract for the buyer and seller to sign. Exchange of contracts: Both parties sign identical copies of the contract, and they are formally exchanged. At this point, the transaction becomes legally binding, and a deposit (usually 5-10% of the purchase price) is paid by the buyer. 
  • Completion and finalizing the transaction: On the agreed completion date, the balance of the purchase price is transferred from the buyer’s solicitor to the seller’s solicitor. The seller’s solicitor confirms receipt, and the keys to the property are handed over to the buyer. The buyer’s solicitor registers the change of ownership with the Land Registry and pays any applicable stamp duty. 
  • Post-completion matters: The buyer’s solicitor takes care of post-completion tasks, such as paying off any outstanding mortgages or liens on the property, ensuring the buyer’s interest is properly registered, and providing the buyer with all relevant legal documents.

Why is a Conveyancer Needed?

A conveyancing solicitor plays a crucial role in the process of buying or selling property. Here are some reasons why you may need a conveyancing solicitor: 

1- Legal expertise

Conveyancing involves complex legal procedures, paperwork, and regulations. A conveyancing solicitor is trained and experienced in property law, ensuring that all legal aspects of the transaction are handled correctly. They can guide you through the process, explain legal jargon, and ensure that your rights and interests are protected. 

2- Property searches and due diligence

A conveyancing solicitor conducts various property searches and investigations to identify any potential issues or risks associated with the property. They examine legal documents, survey reports, planning permissions, and other relevant information to ensure that there are no hidden problems that could affect your ownership or use of the property. 

3- Contract preparation and negotiation

A conveyancing solicitor prepares and reviews the legal contracts involved in the property transaction, such as the sale agreement or purchase contract. They ensure that the terms and conditions are fair and favorable to you, negotiate on your behalf, and advise you on any necessary amendments or additions. 

4- Financial transactions

A conveyancing solicitor handles the financial aspects of the transaction. They manage the transfer of funds, such as the deposit and the final purchase price, ensuring that they are securely held and transferred in accordance with legal requirements. They also calculate and settle any applicable taxes, fees, or other financial obligations. 

5- Title transfer and registration

A conveyancing solicitor oversees the transfer of the property’s legal ownership from the seller to the buyer. They handle the registration of the title deeds with the appropriate government authorities, ensuring that the transfer is properly recorded and that you become the legal owner of the property. 

6- Resolution of legal issues

If any legal problems arise during the conveyancing process, such as boundary disputes, rights of way, or planning issues, a conveyancing solicitor can provide advice and work towards resolving these matters. They can engage with other parties involved, such as the seller’s solicitor or local authorities, to find appropriate solutions. 


Overall, a conveyancing solicitor acts as your legal representative, safeguarding your interests throughout the property transaction and ensuring that the process is conducted smoothly and in compliance with the law. Their expertise and knowledge help minimize risks and provide you with peace of mind during this significant financial and legal undertaking.

Read through our useful guide for more information

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